(From Q2 2017 Interim Report)

Substantial risks and uncertainties associated with Elisa’s operations

Risk management is part of Elisa’s internal control system. It aims to ensure that risks affecting the company’s business are identified, influenced and monitored. The company classifies risks into strategic, operational, hazard and financial risks.

Strategic and operational risks:

The telecommunications industry is under intense competition in Elisa’s main market areas, which may have an impact on Elisa’s business. The telecommunications industry is subject to heavy regulation. Elisa and its businesses are monitored and regulated by several public authorities. This regulation also affects the price level of some products and services offered by Elisa. Regulation may also require investments that have long payback times.

The rapid developments in telecommunications technology may have a significant impact on Elisa’s business.

Elisa’s main market is Finland, where the number of mobile phones per inhabitant is among the highest in the world, and growth in subscriptions is thus limited. Furthermore, the volume of phone traffic on fixed network has decreased during the last few years. These factors may limit opportunities for growth.

Hazard risks:

The company’s core operations are covered by insurance against damage and interruptions caused by accidents and disasters. Accident risks also include litigation and claims.

Financial risks:

In order to manage the interest rate risk, the Group’s loans and investments are diversified into fixed- and variable-rate instruments. Interest rate swaps can be used to manage the interest rate risk.

As most of Elisa's operations and cash flow are denominated in euros, the exchange rate risk is minor.

The objective of liquidity risk management is to ensure the Group’s financing in all circumstances. Elisa has cash reserves, committed credit facilities and a sustainable cash flow to cover its foreseeable financing needs.